MARKET ANALYSIS 2017
Projects of young Montenegrin authors have been recognised by different international funds, workshops and training programmes in recent years. Montenegro had four selected participants, including two producers and two directors, at the Berlinale Talents in 2017.
The feature film project After the Winter by Ivan Bakrač was supported in 2017 by the MEDIA Programme with 30,000 EUR in the single project development category.
Also in 2017, the feature film project Sirin by Senad Šahmanović was selected for the MIDPOINT project development programme, while The Elegy of Laurel by writer/director Dušan Kasalica was among the 10 projects from around the world selected for the Berlin Film Festival’s Script Station.
Since 2013 Montenegro has been submitting a film to vie for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film, which contributes to the increasing visibility on Montenegrin films on the international scene.
There are several production companies in Montenegro experienced in working with international productions. Among them are production companies which can help on different stages of production, from preliminary location scouting, by putting international producers in touch with tax and legal advice services, shooting permits, accommodation, travel and catering arrangements, to casting, facilities and equipment rental, marketing, etc. More information is available HERE.
Four feature films and long documentaries were shot in Montenegro in 2017: Neverending Past / Između dana I noći directed by Andro Martinović and produced by Artikulacija Film, Iskra directed by Gojko Berkuljan and produced by Trust Agency, The Books of Knjige: Cases of Justice directed by Zoran Marković and produced by TBOK Production and You Have the Night / Ti imaš noć directed by Ivan Salatić and produced by Meander Film.
Four shorts were filmed in 2017: A Head Full of Joy / Puna glava radosti directed by Branislav Milatović and produced by Bitter Frames Production, The Road / Put directed by Senad Šahmanović and produced by the Radio Television of Montenegro, Soa directed by Dušan Kasalica and produced by Meander Film and Martin directed by Bojan Stijović and produced by Artikulacija Film.
Although the Film Centre of Montenegro started offering incentives to foreign producers pursuing filmmaking in Montenegro, no international project benefited of the incentives in 2017.
A total of 251 films were distributed in Montenegro in 2017, including two domestic films – the contemporary romantic comedy Diamond of Boyana / Biser Bojane directed by Milan Karažić and produced by Montenegro’s MM Production Montenegro in coproduction with Serbia’s Visionteam, with 14,612 admissions, as well as the comedy/drama The Books of Knjige: Cases of Justice / The Books of knjige: Slučajevi pravde directed by Zoran Marković and produced by TBOK Production, with 12,622 admissions.
The main local film distributors are MCF MNE and Taramount film d.o.o.
In 2017 Montenegrin films received several accolades. Dušan Kasalica’s short film Soa received a Special Mention at the Sarajevo Film Festival, while the Montenegrin/Serbian coproduction The Black Pin by Ivan Marinović, produced by Adriatic Western and eed Production), was awarded for Best Art Design at the Balkan New Film Festival BaNeFF in Stockholm and received the Best Actor award for Nikola Ristanovski at the Valletta Film Festival, the Silver Lighthouse award at the Otranto Film Fund Festival (Italy) and Best Film award at the Balkan Film Festival in Uruguay.
EXHIBITION AND BOX OFFICE
There are two multiplexes, with 10 screens, in Montenegro and eight other one-screen cinemas. Two new cinemas opened in 2017- Cinema 213 in Nikšić and the Cultural Center in Tivat.
In 2017 total admissions were 281,487 and total box office was 1,056,749 EUR, compared to 277,171 admissions and 1,042,810 EUR in 2016.
In 2017 admissions for domestic films were 27,191 and box office for domestic films was 100,897 EUR, compared to 2,570 admissions and 8.415,18 EUR in 2016.
Total admissions top ten 2017 is topped by Diamond of Boyana by Milan Karažić with 14,612 admissions. The film was also number one of the 2017 box office top ten with 54,817 EUR.
The Books of Knjige by Zoran Marković is ranked second in the total admissions top ten as well as in the total box office top ten, with 12,622 admissions and 46,433 EUR respectively.
GRANTS AND NEW LEGISLATION
The Film Centre of Montenegro was established in the last days of 2016 and it is currently headed by producer Sehad Čekić, who was approved for a four-year mandate in 2017.
The film industry of Montenegro is governed by the Law on Cinematography from 2015, which received enormous support from decision makers, the film community and the international community. The Law on Culture approved in 2018 governs the area of culture and the establishment of public institutions in Montenegro.
Film Centre of Montenegro is a public institution with the objective of improving and developing Montenegrin cinematography by:
The Film Centre of Montenegro is administered by a Council composed of five members. The Government appoints four members of the Council from the rank of experts in cinematography and culture, whereas the fifth member is appointed from among the employees of the Centre.
The Centre is financed from both the budget of Montenegro and the Film Fund, generating revenues on the basis of fees paid by entities that, directly or indirectly, exploit cinematographic works.
The following entities are obliged to pay the levy to the Film Fund:
The funds generated on the basis of these payments shall be used for the implementation of the National Programme, in accordance with the state aid regulations.
The above-mentioned entities shall be obliged to submit to the Centre the data on realised annual income, representing the basis for allocation of funds to the film fund, by the end of April each year for the previous calendar year.
Pursuant to the data submitted, the Centre shall issue a Decision on the payment of funds by applying a prescribed rate. The Centre shall have the right to verify the submitted data through the competent state administration authorities and publicly published financial statements.
In 2017 the budget of the Centre amounted to 540,000 EUR and in 2018 to 640,000 EUR. The budgetary funds were allocated from the state budget and the procedure for collecting the first funds for the Film Fund started. The forecasted inflow is estimated at around 500,000 EUR, which means that the total envisaged budget of the Centre will amount to approximately 1.1 m EUR in 2018.
It is worth emphasising that a certain amount of funds is allocated in the budget of the Ministry of Culture of Montenegro (around 250,000 EUR), earmarked for the film festivals and payment of membership dues in certain international organisations.
By the second half of 2017, the film production in Montenegro was co-financed through the funds of the Ministry of Culture through an annual public competition, and the decision was made by a commission composed of three members. The scope of funding varied over the years, but it has been stable in recent years and, given the investments in other cinematographic areas, there is a standard progress.
In addition to supporting film production, the Ministry of Culture also financed other film activities by supporting film festivals, education in this field, participation in international organisations, as well as through the support to the film sector in the area of improving its technical and other capacities.
As of the second half of 2017, the Centre assumed the obligation of organising a competition to support film production. Competitions are organised according to the Rules on the manner, procedure and criteria for inciting production of cinematographic works, which was adopted in October 2017. The competition is intended to co-finance the production of cinematographic works in the following categories: feature films, documentaries, short films, animated and experimental films, minority coproductions, script development and project development.
Pursuant to the Law on Cinematography, a national cinematographic work must, as a minimum, fulfil three of the following requirements:
The Centre may launch special competitions to co-finance the production of films intended for children and youth, as well as films capturing a topic of national importance.
The competition may not co-finance ordered or programme films, educational films, film marketing and advertising films.
The Commission consists of five members from the rank of reputable artists and experts in the cinematography area, who may come from the country or from abroad.
Each member of the Commission shall deliver to the Centre a signed and filled evaluation list with a brief explanation of each application, followed by the ranking list of projects based on the average of points assigned.
The Centre concludes a contract with the best ranked applicant, defining the mutual rights and obligations of the contracting parties in relation to the use of funds, project implementation dynamics, payment schedule, procedures in case of departing from contracted obligations, termination of the contract and other issues of importance for the implementation of the cinematographic work that is the contracts’ subject.
In addition to the director of the Centre, the signatories to the contract are also the producer and director of the cinematographic work. The contract for supporting films with a minority Montenegrin share is signed between the director of the Centre and the Montenegrin coproducer. The contract for the development of a film screenplay is concluded between the director of the Centre and the author of the script.
The recipient of the funds shall be obliged to emphasise the contribution of the Centre during the film presentation and promotion, by displaying in a visible place the Centre’s logo and the title in the opening and closing credits, subject to the prior consent of the Centre.
The recipient of the funds is also obliged to provide the Centre with the possibility to use the film or some of its parts for promotional and non-commercial purposes, without compensation.
The recipient of the funds shall be also obliged to submit to the Montenegrin Cinematheque (www.kinoteka.me) a copy of the cinematographic work and the material relating to it, within six months following the completion of the postproduction.
In 2017 the Centre launched grants contest in the following categories: script development, project development, short films, minority coproductions
The total number of projects submitted was 50 (16 for script development, nine for project development, eight short films and 17 minority coproductions) and a total of 21 projects received support in the amount of 347,000 EUR. Click HERE to see the grants chart.
Film Centre of Montenegro offers incentives to foreign and national producers shooting in Montenegro.
Productions have the option of obtaining a cash rebate on the invested funds for a film/TV project. The refund can cover up to 20% of eligible expenditures spent in Montenegro for the making of the audiovisual work. The right to a cash rebate may be granted to the producer, a coproducer or a production company that performs a service provided that:
The right to a cash rebate for a part of the funds spent in film production can be acquired by a producer for the production of live-action, animated and documentary films, TV films and series, which are fully or partially produced in Montenegro and which are intended for public presentation.
For full foreign productions, regardless of the number of producers and the countries from which they come, the foreign producer that is the project owner has to hire a film producer from Montenegro, who will start and participate in the proceedings regarding the return of funds as a production service.
The qualifying test includes cultural content, use of film crew and talents, use of production capacities, and applied production has to have minimum 15 points.
There are 18 TV channels operating in Montenegro including three public channels TVCG 1, TVCG 2 and TVCG Sat (for the Montenegrin diaspora) and local public channels TV Nikšić, TV Budva and TV Pljevlja.
The most popular commercial TV channels are TV Nova M, TV Vijesti and TV Prva. Other commercial channels are: TV Rožaje, Srpska TV, TV 777,TV Corona, TV Boin, TV Novi, TV Sun and TV Teuta.
According to the Article 15 of the Law on public broadcasting services in Montenegro, the Radio Television in Montenegro (RTCG) is funded from: the general revenue of the budget of Montenegro in the amount of approximately 1.2% of the current budget, advertisement production and broadcast, the production and sales of audiovisual services; programme endorsements and also the organisation of concerts and other events.
In 2017 the ATLAS TV channel was closed and instead of it A1 TV has opened in 2018.
The first season of the historical/romantic drama series Christmas Uprising / Bozicni ustanak was produced in 2017. The series was produced by Dogma Studio and the Radio Television of Montenegro, and its nine episodes are directed by Zeljko Sosic.
The second season of the successful comedy series Dojc Caffe (launched in 2015) was produced in 2017 and 2018. The first season of the series directed by Milorad Milinkovic was produced in 2015 and 2016.
ASSOCIATION OF FILM PRODUCERS AND DIRECTORS OF MONTENEGRONovaka Miloševa 42, 81000 PodgoricaPhone: +382 67 568 110www.afpd.me
Report by Iulia BlagaSources: Film Centre of Montenegro
Three Slovak and co-production films will vie for the Warsaw Grand Prix at 34th Warsaw Film Festival (October 12 – 21, 2018). Check out the line-up!
The Band (d. Ladislav Kaboš), documentary about the birth of the Romani band Lomnické Čháve will compete in Documentary Comepetition along withCircus Rwanda (d. Michal Varga) that shows the clash of cultures by fusing two circus groups from different parts of the world.
Short Film Competition will introduce in world premiere bachelor film Poetika Anima by Kriss Sagan. Non-narrative animated ﬁlm is based on a lyrical poem created by the synthesis of the director’s diary notes.
Slovakia will have its representative also in the Industry section of the festival.Tomáš Hudák will take part in the FIPRESCI Warsaw Critics Project, workshop for young aspiring journalists and film critics.
Johan Oettinger, Chris Randall, and Polish creative duo Kijek/Adamski are the key speakers of ANIMARKT Talks conference (October, 12th) – a part of ANIMARKT Stop Motion Forum.
ANIMARKT Talks is a one-day conference and a great opportunity to learn more about the animation market. Last year the main subject of ANIMARKT Talks was ‘co-production’. This year, guests invited for ANIMARKT Talks will share their experience about the presence of stop motion animation in commercials, video games, and new ways of storytelling.
Stop motion animation – good for games, great for creative storytelling
Johan Oettinger, a self-taught prize-winning film director, will lead in Lodz two presentations about creative ways of using stop motion animation. In the first one, he will speak about the project Vokabulantis – a new game in stop motion. Vokabulantis is a puppet animation platformer about two kids, who have fallen in love. Karla and Kurt literally can’t get a word out, when they are around each other. Thus they are forced to save the deteriorating and adventurous world of language, Vokabulantis, before it’s too late. Otherwise, they will never be able to express their love for one another.
The main topic of the Johan’s second presentation will be the process from idea through development through production and release of LEGO® Classic Creative Storytelling campaign. In this project children stories were transformed into stop motion animation made of LEGO bricks. Johan, as a director of LEGO commercials, will show and explain why stop motion animation was perfect for this kind of campaign.
Stop motion in commercials – how to work with clients and agencies?
During ANIMARKT Talks Chris Randall, Creative Director for Second Home Studio, will speak about his experiences in work with agencies and clients in commercial projects. Second Home Studio has garnered multiple BAFTA and Royal Television Society awards in all styles of animation, with a reputation for innovative and striking stop motion work. From serious to silly, the studio’s repertoire engages all audiences and platforms for broadcast, commercial, online, corporate and educational purposes. The studio is currently developing a pre-school series which has been commissioned by CBeebies (BBC).
Then Creative Duo Kijek/Adamski, directors with vast experience in many techniques of filmmaking, will talk about stop motion animation in marketing communications. Kasia Kijek and Przemek Adamski are constantly evolving in search for the most adequate means of expression because, in their opinion, each project is different and requires disparate approach. The choice of right material and technique is integral part of the story hey tell each time. Simplicity and creativeness of the process are their main goals whether in live action or animation.
Stop motion animation – time to evolve?
ANIMARKT Talks will be also a chance to see a presentation of an innovative technology called SMODO which connects the classic puppet animation with the motion capture. Using SMODO, instead of with a puppet, the animator works with its armature equipped in colourful markers. A special marker tracking system brings the armature pose into a 3D software, in which the armature is merged with a digital puppet model. In effect, on the computer screen the animation artist can see the whole puppet, just like in classic animation. SMODO technology guarantees cost-reduction, post-production stage shortening, and simplifying the work on the filmset. SMODO is also an innovative education tool. The technology idea originated with Grzegorz Wacławek, film producer and creator of very successful Animoon studio.
Interesting part of ANIMARKT Talks programme will be a presentation of Łódź Film Commission which ensures comprehensive assistance to producers of feature, documentary and animated films, television programs, commercials, video clips and all other forms of audiovisual production – from searching for locations, to obtainment of permits and separation of urban space for the needs of film crews, to support in contacts with urban services and local media. It is also an operator of the Łódź Film Fund – the oldest regional film fund in Poland. Since 2007 nearly 70 movies have received co-financing within it. The films co-financed by the Fund include the Academy Award winning Ida directed by Paweł Pawlikowski as well as his latest film Cold War, the Oscar-nominated: In Darkness directed by Agnieszka Holland and In the Shadow directed by David Ondrícek or Roberta Grossman’s documentary Who Will Write Our History.
Where and when?
ANIMARKT Talks will take place on Friday, October 12th, in Lodz (Poland) a Conference Room of EC1 Lodz complex, located in the revitalised buildings of the power plant which commenced generating and transferring power in 1907. It served as the main heat and power plant for the residents of Łódź until 2000. Currently EC1 Lodz – City of Culture is a space open for various cultural and artistic activities. It became the home of the National Centre for Film Culture, the Łódź Film Commission and the Centre for Comics and Interactive Narration.
The entrance is free, but the registration is necessary (via event’s www.en.animarkt.pl).
ANIMARKT Talks programme – FRIDAY, OCTOBER 12TH
10:30 - 11:00 SMODO – future of animation
11:15 - 11:35 Łódź Film Commission – presentation
11:50 - 12:30 Vokabulantis – new game in stop motion
12:35 - 13:05 Second Home Studio – how to work with clients and agencies?
13:20 - 14:00 LEGO® Classic – creative storytelling – case study
14:15 - 15:00 Stop motion animation in marketing communications
The Czech Film and Television Academy (CFTA) recommended the film Winter Flies to be nominated for the Oscar in the Best Foreign Language Film category. The film was directed by Olmo Omerzu and produced by Jiří Konečný (endorfilm). The academics were choosing from 21 Czech features and documentaries that had been nominated by the producers of the films themselves.
The voting, in which the academics have chosen the film representing Czech cinema in the competition for the Oscars, took place from 1st to 12th September 2018. Together with Winter Flies, there were several other films among the highly valued ones including Domestique, Jan Palach, Toman or The Smiles of Sad Men.
Winter Flies, a Czech-Slovenian-Polish-Slovak co-production directed by Olmo Omerzu, which recently premiered at Toronto IFF, is a road movie about friendship, adventure and great freedom. The story is about two boys who are not fifteen yet and they travel across the whole republic in a stolen car. The aim of their running away is the feeling of being free and a desire to experience something special. The film received the award for Best Director in the Official Selection - Competition at the Karlovy Vary International Film Festival earlier this summer.Olmo Omerzu was born in the capital of Slovenia, Ljubljana. He was only thirteen years old when he shot his first short film called Almir (1998). In 2004, he decided to move to the Czech Republic and study there. He graduated from Film Academy of Performing Arts in Prague and in 2012 he made his debut film called A Night Too Young, selected for Berlinale's Forum, for which he was recognized as the Discovery of the Year at the Czech Film Critics’ Awards. Following the success of A Night Too Young, he wrote and directed his second feature Family Film (2015), which world-premiered at San Sebastian IFF and received the Award for Best Artistic Contribution at Tokyo IFF, two Czech Film Critics’ Awards, and a number of other awards.
All three Olmo Omerzu's films including Winter Flies were produced by Czech producer Jiří Konečný and his production company endorfilm. Jiří Konečný is one of the most active Czech film producers, who worked on more than 20 features and documentaries including Czech minority co-productions "I Do Not Care If We Go Down In History As Barbarians", Little Harbour, Out or Aferim!.
Winter Flies will get a chance to represent the Czech cinema at the already 91st awards of the American Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, which will take place on24th February 2019 in Los Angeles. The nominations for the Oscars will be announced on22nd January 2019.
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CLUJ-NAPOCA: The Heiresses by Marcelo Martinessi was awarded the Transilvania Trophy at the 17th edition of Transilvania IFF. The festival took place from 25 May to 3 June 2018.
BERLIN: This year at the 68th edition of the Berlin International Film Festival actor Willem Dafoe received the Honourary Golden Bear for Lifetime Achievement. After navigating a red carpet which was thronged with fans Willem Dafoe received the award from the Berlinale President Dieter Kosslick, who reminded the audience that the actor has already participated in the festival several times, and in 2007 he was a member of the jury. The actor confessed his love for the Berlin Film Festival and stressed that the award for his life’s work does not mean that he is going to retire.
BERLIN: FNE has teamed up with FIPRESCI critics attending the Berlin Film Festival to rate the films in the Main Competition, Panorana and Forum giving the films 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5 stars. 5 is the best and 1 is the worst. The ratings give an overview of critics opinions from a large number of countries and provide insights to what critics in many different countries think about the programme.
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